Studies show that 1 million Americans are addicted to cocaine and sadly, a small percentage of those are eighth graders. Cocaine is the second most widely abused drug in the world causing more than half a million visits to the hospital each year.
A cocaine user will be extremely talkative and alert. They lose their appetite and become restless. Their heart rate becomes elevated followed by high blood pressure. Once they begin to come down from their high, they will become depressed, irritated, spacey and delusional.
Methamphetamine, also known as crystal meth, is extremely powerful and addictive stimulants. It is the 4th leading cause of substance abuse and contributes to at least 120,000 substance abuse problems each year. Meth can be smoked, snorted, ingested or injected. It stimulates the brain and causes an intense but quick euphoric rush.
Because of its short-lived high, users are prone to abuse and addiction. Meth significantly affects cognitive functions as well as the brain’s ability to subdue addictive or habitual behaviors.
Xanax is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders as well as clinical depression. It is a great resource to help calm nerves and reduce stress; however, studies show that reducing too much stress can actually cause negative effects on people. A healthy dose of stress is necessary for motivation; however, on the other hand, stress causes people to abuse other substances in order to reduce it.
Xanax may cause dizziness, the inability to concentrate, drowsiness, difficulty experiencing pleasure, a loss of interest in life, an increase in anxiety or depression, heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure.
Oxycontin, also known as Oxy, is a medication designed to slowly release pain relief throughout the day. It contains a high dosage of oxycodone, which is an opiate created from the poppy plant.
Like all opiates, Oxycontin works to block our brain’s natural release of pleasure receptors. Over time, the brain will be used to the substance producing the pleasure receptor that it will decrease or stop production altogether. Prolonged use of it causes tolerance and dependence, which is the beginning of addiction.
Benzodiazepines, also known as benzos, are a prescription drug used to treat both mental and physical conditions such as anxiety and panic attacks, seizures, insomnia, general anesthesia, depression, muscle relaxation, nausea and vomiting, sedation before surgery and alcohol withdrawal.Even when benzos are taken as prescribed, withdrawal symptoms may occur, such as agitation, insomnia, seizures, muscle cramps and vomiting.
Do not stop taking benzos abruptly; they should be tapered off slowly. Research suggests detox, addiction rehab and aftercare treatment are useful in the rehabilitation and recovery from benzos.